Significant changes will affect Poland’s highest court when President Andrzej Duda, as expected, signs new legislation just passed by Parliament.
The changes are far-reaching, but among the major changes are:
Creation of a division of extraordinary control with new jurisdiction – A new chamber of the Supreme Court called the “Chamber for Extraordinary Control and Public Matters” (Izba Kontroli Nadzwyczajnej i Spraw Publicznych) will be created. Initially, the new Chamber will have the authority to re-adjudicate any judgment issued by any court that became final and binding after 17 October 1997, if necessary to ensure the rule of law and social justice where:
- The decision violates the principles or freedoms and human and civil rights specified
- in the Constitution
- The decision grossly violated the law by erroneous interpretation or misapplication thereof
- There is an obvious contradiction between important findings of the court and the collected evidence
- Such decision cannot be revoked or changed utilizing other remedies